We commonly use a number or words in English without thinking of their origins. A lot of these originated closer home. Following are some of the words we use oh so often, which are borrowed from Indian languages -
From Hindi अवतार, from Sanskrit, descent of a deity from a heaven
from bandhna (बांधना) to tie a scarf around the head.
from bāngṛī बांगड़ी, a type of bracelet.
"Britain" (as a term of endearment among British troops stationed in Colonial India): from Hindi-Urdu vilāyatī (विलायती, ولايتى) "foreign", ultimately from Arabo-Persian ولايتى "provincial, regional".
from बंगला banglA and Urdu بنگلہ banglA, literally, "(house) in the Bengal style".
Bazaar from Market
from cītā, चीता, meaning "variegated".
from चिट्ठी Chitthi, a letter or note.
from चटनी chatni, meaning "to crush"
from Khāt, खाट, a portable bed.
from Chokaath, Urdu, a door frame.
from kamarband , cf. कमरबन्द - Urdu کمربند, meaning "waist binding" [ultimately from Persian کمربند]
probably from khushi, cf. Hindi ख़ुशी - Urdu خوشی "easy, happy, soft" [ultimately from Persian]; but some sources prefer an origin from "cushion"
from डकैत् Dakait, meaning a member of a class of criminals who engage in organized robbery and murder. Hence also dacoity (=banditry)
(UK slang for 'a look') from देखो Dekho, the imperative 'look', (دیکھو देखो ) meaning look at or study something.
from Dinghi, small boat, wherry-boat
from Hindi and Urdu गरम मसाला گرم مصالح garam masālā, literally "warm ( = hot) mixture",from Persian گرم garm 'warm, hot' and Arabic مصالح maṣāliḥ 'benefits, requirements, ingredients'.
from Hindi guru "teacher, priest," from Sanskrit गुरुः guruḥ "one to be honored, teacher," literally "heavy, weighty.
A term which originally referred to a place where sporting events take place and referred to any of various meets at which contests were held to test the skill of the competitors. In English-speaking countries, a gymkhana refers to a multi-game equestrian event performed to display the training and talents of horses and their rider [-khānā from Pers. khānāh خانه "house, dwelling"]
modification of Sanskrit jagannaath, from Jagannath (Puri), [India], where such cloth was first made.
after Pakistani statesman Muhammad Ali Jinnah died in 1948. A hat shaped like a fez but made of real or imitation karakul and worn by Pakistani Muslims on occasion. It is called a "Karakulli topi" (Topi meaning cap).
Full-length trousers, worn for horseback riding, that are close-fitting below the knee and have reinforced patches on the inside of the leg. Named after Jodhpur , where similar garments are worn by Indian men as part of everyday dress.
from Jagannath (Sanskrit: जगन्नाथ jagannātha), a form of Vishnu particularly worshipped at the Jagannath Temple, Puri, Odisha where during Rath Yatra festival thousands of devotees pull temple carts some 14m (45 feet) tall, weighing hundreds of tons through the streets.
from जङल् jangal, another word for wilderness or forest.
from खकि khākī "of dust colour, dusty, grey", cf. Hindi ख़ाकी - Urdu خاکی [ultimately from Persian].
from Sanskrit, the result of a person's actions as well as the actions themselves. It is a term about the cycle of cause and effect.
from LooT लूट, meaning 'steal'. Robbery
from Multan, Pakistan: A kind of rug prevalent there.
from Hindi and Urdu: An acknowledged leader in a field, from the Mughal rulers of India like Akbar and Shah Jahan, the builder of the Taj Mahal.
from Hindi and Sanskrit: A king.
from Hindi and Sanskrit: a word or phrase used in meditation.
(in Buddhism) a transcendent state in which there is neither suffering, desire, nor sense of self, and the subject is released from the effects of karma and the cycle of death and rebirth. It represents the final goal of Buddhism.
from Hindi पश्मीना, Urdu پشمينه, ultimately from Persian پشمينه.
from Hindi poori, from Sanskrit पुर (pura) or "cake".
from Hindi and Urdu panch پانچ, meaning "five". The drink was originally made with five ingredients: alcohol, sugar, lemon, water, and tea or spices. The original drink was named paantsch.
from पण्डित Pandit, meaning a learned scholar or Priest.
(UK slang: "genuine") from Pakkā पक्का,پکا cooked, ripe, solid.
from Hindi, पैजामा (paijaamaa), meaning "leg garment", coined from Persian پاى "foot, leg" and جامه "garment" .
from Hindi and Urdu रायता ریتا rayta. yogurt based dish, some add sliced/chopped/diced, cucumbers, onions, tomatoes, pineapples, pomegranate or other salads to complement rice or roti meals.
from Hindi and Urdu रॊटी روٹی roti "bread"; akin to Prakrit रॊट्ट rotta "rice flour", Sanskrit रोटिका rotika "kind of bread".
A piece of fabric worn by women over the shoulders or head or wrapped around a baby. From Urdu and Persian šāl, probably from Shāliāt, the name of a town in India.
Derived from the Urdu word Sharbat which originally comes from Arabic; meaning juice.
Derived from Hindustani chāmpo (चाँपो [tʃãːpoː]).
from Thagi ठग, meaning "thief or con man".
Toddy (also Hot toddy)
from Tārī ताड़ी, juice of the palmyra palm.
from Urdu طوفان toofaan. A cyclonic storm.
from Hindi baramdaa बरामदा or another Indian language, but ultimately probably from Portuguese or Spanish.
From Sanskrit term (योग) for ancient Hindu spiritual practices common in India that have become internationally popular.